Information on Nicaraguan Cities
Department Distance Table
The following table shows the distance from Managua to all large and medium cities in Nicaragua arranged by Department order, it includes their distance and an estimated driving time. You can also select a table:
Note: Private transportation driving time assumes leaving downtown Managua with moderate traffic and not at rush hour, driving 80 kms per hour. Public transportation are buses express with minimal stops, waiting time at the bus terminal is not considered. Neither option considers inclement weather, accidents, significant traffic or distance from any point in Managua to the exit highway. Driving time may vary based on driver´s speed and ability to pass slow moving vehicles on the road.
Departments and principal cities
The cities listed on this page are the large and medium size cities of Nicaragua, listed in alphabetical order by department, which is the political division of Nicaragua, similar to states or provinces in other countries.
We listed the distance and approximate driving time to each city, taking into consideration the average traffic. Some destinations have a notation about mountain driving meaning that it will include many curves where you have to drive slower or behind a slow moving vehicle for some time. Others mention city traffic when you must drive through heavy traffic cities such as Managua, Leon and Masaya. On very rural areas we noted the poor road conditions, which requires a four wheel drive vehicle (4x4) and a strong rope as it will be muddy in the winter time.
If you are renting a car to travel to other cities in Nicaragua, we recommend that you rent from a company that offers nationwide 24 hour emergency road service (www.Budget.com.ni) to assist you in case of any problems.
If you are traveling from Pochomil or Masachapa to any city on the Pacific, consult the map page that will give you specific directions. To visit other cities on the center or Atlantic zone, travel from Pochomil to Managua and then follow the instructions below.
Boaco is the capital city and municipality of the Boaco Department of Nicaragua. The municipality of Boaco has a population of 56,900 (2006 est.) and an area of 1,086.81 km² (26% of the Boaco Department) while the department (state) is 4,177 km2. The city of Boaco, with a population of approximately 19,000 (2006 est.), is located in the mountains 88 km. east of Managua. Boaco is called "Ciudad de Dos Pisos" (The Two-Story City). The city's only two flat places are El Parque (Park) and the baseball field.
The name Boaco has its roots in the Zumo and Aztec native languages. It is composed of two words; Boa or Boaj ("Enchanters") and the suffix O ("place" or "town"). In other words, Boaco means "Place (or Town) of the Enchanters". The ancient Boaco, or Boaco Viejo (Old Boaco) was located five leagues (15 miles) east of the present-day city of Boaco. No vestiges of the former population remain.
The local festivities in honor of the city's patron saint, Apóstol Santiago (Apostle Saint James) begin on July 25. The most traditional and folkloric aspect of this celebration are Los Bailantes (The Dancers), a group of peasants who have performed each year, from generation to generation since the 17th century, to honor the patron of Boaco.
Travel from Managua to Boaco
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms until Boaco.
Distance from Managua to Boaco there are 88 kilometers and it takes 1:15 hours by private car, two hours by bus.
Camoapa is a municipality in the Boaco department of Nicaragua.
Camoapa city is the capital of the municipality. Though is a small town (founded on August 23, 1858). It was raised to the title of city on March 2, 1926 more than eighty years ago. Its population is 40,700 (2006, est.) and its territory extension 1,483.29 km² the area is about 540m above the sea level. Camoapa is located 114 km. from Managua. CAMOAPA, means “Place of parrots”Its population is prominently rural 67% versus 33% living in urban areas.
The economy is based mainly on agriculture and the cattle industry (cattle raising, trading and dairy). Camoapa is the largest cattle producing region in Nicaragua. Other local industry is leather handcrafting and the making of (sombreros de pita) hand weave hats.
One of the most important festivities is held on June 24 in honor of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. In addition, on October 4, it celebrates the biggest festivity in honor to its patron St. Francis of Assisi. Other festivities include La Purisima (a national festivity). And the National Cattle fair celebrated in April.
Travel from Managua to Camoapa
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito Intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7), pass the Boaco intersection and continue straight (stay on your right) towards Juigalpa until San Francisco intersection, turn left 20 kms until Camoapa.
Distance from Managua to Camoapa is 114 kilometers and it takes 1:30 hours by car, 2:30 hours by bus.
Jinotepe, a town of roughly 32,000, is located in the middle of the mountain ridge that reaches El Crucero and 2,500 feet above sea level. This town enjoys an almost year round breeze of 10 to 25 mph, and the higher elevation (almost 2,000 feet) affords Jinotepe some of the coolest temperatures in the state. It's fairly common to find English speakers milling around town. Jinotepe has lots of parks and green spaces great for an afternoon of people watching. The main park is just west of the market and is usually bustling. During the patron saint festivities at the end of July, it's chaotic.
Jinotepe's market is about six blocks in size, and is good for everyday shopping. Clothes are ridiculously cheap and there's a big selection of fruits and veggies (even red onions, cojombro and big, juicy tomatoes). For touristy items, there's a small yellow market just half a block south of the Pali food store, at the southwest corner of the market. There you will find a half dozen stores with Tshirts, dresses, wooden figurines, and miscellaneous knickknacks. The first store on the left has tourist information and a small selection of maps/brochures.
The main beaches of the Department of Carazo are:
- La Boquita
- El Astillero
Travel from Managua to Jinotepe
Drive from Managua on South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Costa Rica, through El Crucero, Diriamba, Dolores until you arrive at Jinotepe.
Distance from Managua to Jinotepe is 47 kilometers and it takes one hour by car and 1:30 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Diriamba, Carazo
See Travel to Jinotepe, km 42 South Pan-American Highway, it takes 45 minutes from Managua.
Travel from Managua to Dolores, Carazo
City between Diriamba and Jinotepe, See travel to Jinotepe.
Carazo, San Marcos
San Marcos is a municipality in the Carazo Department of Nicaragua. It is located at 45 kilometers (28 mi) south from the capital, Managua, and has a population of around 30,600 inhabitants.
San Marcos has wonderful weather that enables the production of coffee and a large variety of tropical flowers and fruits. San Marcos' inhabitants are a Catholic majority, a heritage of the Spaniard Colonization. They are fervent followers of the Spaniard Catholic Traditions. For example, the most notorious festivity, where many people gather every year, is the celebration of their Patron San Marcos. San Marcos' Catholic Parish Church, in the middle of the town square, is a legacy of the Spaniard influence, as could be seen in its construction and designs.
San Marcos is host to the Ave Maria University Latin American Campus, a branch of Ave Maria University (headquartered in Naples, Florida, USA), giving San Marcos the prestige of a University City. Receiving students from all over Central America and the United States, Ave Maria University occupies the building where the famous Normal de Señoritas Salvadora de Somoza was located. This institution educated young girls to become elementary school teachers. It was also the host of students from all over the country and Central America. It is accredited by AALE (American Academy for Liberal Arts Education) and is in the final steps of the accreditation process with SACS the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (2010).
Travel from Managua to San Marcos
Option 1: If you are traveling through Masaya, Catarina or Granada, drive to Masatepe (See instructions) then continue West for 10 kilometers until San Marcos.
Option 2: From Managua take Masaya Highway (NIC 4) until km 14 Ticuantepe intersection, turn South (right), 5 kms later you will have reached Ticuantepe, turn right on a very scenic route through the mountains, passing the town of La Concepción (La Concha) until you reach San Marcos.
Distance from Managua to San Marcos is 42 kilometers and it takes 45 minutes by car and 1:30 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Ticuantepe, Masaya
From Managua take Masaya Highway (NIC 4) until km 14 Ticuantepe intersection, turn South (right), 5 kms later you will have reached Ticuantepe.
It takes 20 minutes from Managua to Ticuantepe and is 18 kms away.
Travel from Managua to La Concepción (La Concha), Masaya
See Travel to San Marcos. La Concepción (La Concha) is 32 kms from Managua.
Chinandega is a town and the departmental seat of Chinandega department (4,822.42 km2) in Nicaragua. It is also the administrative centre of the surrounding municipality of the same name. The city has a population of 121,793 inhabitants (2006) with 151,000 in the municipality. It is located about 80 miles (134 km) northwest of Managua and about 43 miles (72 km) southwest of El Guausaule, on the border with Honduras. The region around Chinandega produces mostly agricultural products, particularly oils, flour, peanuts, shrimp, sugarcane, with sugar mills in Chichigalpa and El Viejo, and the production of liquors with an international reputation.
The weather is humid and hot because of the tropical climate. Chinandega is about 12 miles (20 kilometers) from the Pacific Ocean
The Chinandega beaches are:
- Padre Ramos
A city near the frontier with Honduras, Chinandega is crossed by the CA-1 or Pan-American Highway. The department of Chinandega is 4.929 km² and its population is 378,970, which is distributed amongst thirteen municipalities: Chinandega (department seat), El Viejo, Corinto, Chichigalpa, Posoltega, El Realejo, Puerto Morazán, Villanueva, Somotillo, Santo Tomás del Norte, Cinco Pinos, San Pedro del Norte and San Francisco del Norte.
The department has numerous beaches, natural reserves, historic towns, mangroves, and ancient churches; the volcano of San Cristóbal, the highest in Nicaragua, can be found here, as well as the other volcanoes of the San Cristóbal complex (El Chonco, Moyotepe, and Casita), and further east, the peninsula-forming Cosigüina volcano.
Chinandega is also a center of agriculture growing sugarcane, bananas, peanuts, sesame seeds, cashews, oranges, and grains. It is also a shrimping and fishing center and it manufactures salt, and leather goods. It is also home to the largest sugar mills and rum factory (Flor de Caña) in the country. The port of Corinto, also in Chinandega, is the most important in Western Nicaragua.
The city of Chinandega has been nicknamed "City of Oranges" (Ciudad de las Naranjas) and "Hot City" (Ciudad Cálida). Its name is of Nahuatl origin, though its exact meaning is disputed. It may come from the words Chinamitl-tacalt, “place surrounded by reeds.”
Travel from Managua to Chinandega
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Nagarote, La Paz Centro until ending at Izapa intersection. Turn right (North) on NIC 12 towards León until km 88, entrance to León, turn right on Chinandega by-Pass until it reconnects with León-Chinandega highway (NIC 12), turn right on this road. You will drive through Telica intersection, Posoltega, Chichigalpa until reaching Chinandega.
Distance from Managua to Chinandega is 140 kilometers and it takes 2 hours by car and 2:45 hours by bus, expect traffic delays between Leon and Chinandega due to farming equipment as seen on the picture above.
Travel from Chinandega to El Viejo, Estero Padre Ramos & Cosiguina Volcano
Coming from León at the first roundabout of Chinandega (See picture), turn right towards Honduras-El Guasaule (NIC 24) for 2 kms, turn left on the Chinandega airport intersection, drive 500 mts, turn right 700 mts towards El Viejo intersection, there you turn right on NIC 50 around the Alcaldía and the Airport. Drive 5 kms until you reach El Viejo.
Distance from Managua to El Viejo is 139 kilometers and it takes 2:15 hours by car and 3:30 hours by bus due to farming equipment traffic.
This same road will take you to Reserva Natural Padre Ramos, Jiquilillo and Cosigüina Volcano, the westward most point of Nicaragua.
Travel from Managua to Guasaule, Honduras border
Drive to Chinandega (See previous instructions). On the first roundabout entering Chinandega turn North (right) on NIC 24 towards El Guasaule-Honduras-Somotillo. Drive 75 kms passing Somotillo until El Guasaule.
Distance from Managua to el Guasaule, Honduras border, is 207 kilometers and it takes 3 hours by car and four hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Mexico
Drive from Managua to Guasaule (See instructions), and continue on Pan-American Highway northbound to Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Mexico. The distance from El Guasaule, Nicaragua-Honduras border to the following destinations is:
· Choluteca, Honduras (44 kms, 0:40 hrs)
· El Amatillo, Honduras-El Salvador border (130 kms, 1:45 hrs)
· Tegucigalpa, Honduras (177 kms, 2:30 hrs)
· San Miguel, El Salvador (200 kms, 3:00 hrs)
· San Salvador, El Salvador (330 kms, 4:30 hrs)
· Guatemala city, Guatemala (600 kms, 8:00 hrs)
To calculate distance from Managua, add 207 kilometers and three hours.
It is believed that Chichigalpa's first inhabitants arrived from the north. While their civilizations were not as advanced as those of the Aztecs and the Incas, they arrived at Chichigalpa due to a forced migration instituted by the Aztecs on weaker tribes. Of Toltec origin, the native people of Chichigalpa were the Niquiranos and Chorotegas. Chichigalpa population is 60,000 people and the Department of Chinandega has 380,000 inhabitants.
Travel from Managua to Chichigalpa
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Nagarote, La Paz Centro until ending at Izapa intersection. Turn right (North) on NIC 12 towards León until km 88, entrance to León, turn right on Chinandega by-Pass until it reconnects with León-Chinandega highway (NIC 12), turn right on this road. You will drive through Telica intersection, Posoltega, until reaching Chichigalpa.
Distance from Managua to Chichigalpa is 123 kilometers and it takes 1:45 hours by car and 2:30 hours by bus due to farming equipment traffic.
Corinto is a town of 17,000 (1995 population) on the northwest Pacific coast of Nicaragua in the province of Chinandega. The municipality was founded in 1863 and was named in honour of the Greek city of Corinth.
It was a railroad terminus and Nicaragua's largest Pacific port. It has its own Container terminal and is able to manage a wide variety of cargo: liquid, bulk, containers, cars, etc.
Travel from Managua to Corinto
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Nagarote, La Paz Centro until ending at Izapa intersection. Turn right (North) on NIC 12 towards León until km 88, entrance to León, turn right on Chinandega by-Pass until it reconnects with León-Chinandega highway (NIC 12), turn right on this road. You will drive through Telica intersection, Posoltega, Chichigalpa until reaching Chinandega. On the first roundabout entering Chinandega turn left (South-West) towards Pacific Ocean/Corinto for 15 kms passing thru El Realejo and Paso Caballos until reaching the ocean, there turn left (South) for 5 kms until reaching Puerto Corinto.
Distance from Managua to Chinandega is 152 kilometers and it takes 2:15 hours by car y 3:30 hours y media by bus.
Somotillo is a municipality in the Chinandega department of Nicaragua. The municipality of Somotillo measures 724.71 km² and lies approximately 41 meters above sea level. Most of the municipality lies north and east of the Nicaraguan Depression or Graben in the western foothills of the central cordillera of the country. The area drains into the Pacific, largely through the Estero Real. The town of Somotillo is located on the northern bank of the Rio Gallo, also known as the Rio Grande. A seasonal stream known as the Tecomapa runs north of the town.
The climate is a dry tropical one, with strongly pronounced rainy and dry seasons. Soils are of volcanic origin and are deep and fertile. The area is largely agricultural with some cattle ranching. Common crops in the area are maize, cotton, sesame, and wheat, mainly grown by smallholders and tenant farmers. The economy is also influenced by the long border with Honduras. A major highway passes through the town of Somotillo to the border crossing at Guasaule, creating customs and immigration jobs in Somotillo, as well as opportunities for smuggling. The most current census figures suggest a population of approximately 33,000.
Travel from Managua to Somotillo
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Nagarote, La Paz Centro until ending at Izapa intersection. Turn right (North) on NIC 12 towards León until km 88, entrance to León, turn right on Chinandega by-Pass until it reconnects with León-Chinandega highway (NIC 12), turn right on this road. You will drive through Telica intersection, Posoltega, Chichigalpa until reaching Chinandega. On the first roundabout entering Chinandega turn North (right) on NIC 24 towards El Guasaule-Honduras-Somotillo. Drive 70 kms until Somotillo.
Distance from Managua to Somotillo is 201 kilometers and it takes 2 ½ hours by car and four hours by bus.
Juigalpa is the capital city of the Chontales Department of Nicaragua. It is located within the municipality of Juigalpa, approximately 140 km east of Managua on Carretera Rama, in the central region of Nicaragua. Juigalpa has a population of 71,320 people (surrounding areas included) and extends for 1,037 km², with a population density of 50 /km²
The patron saint celebrations (fiestas patronales) during the week of August 15 celebrate the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. This patron saint festival is renowned as one of the best in Central America, drawing people from neighboring countries. Much of this celebration takes place in the Bull Plaza (Plaza de Toros) near the center of town. Here, the highlighted event is bull riding. On average, five people die every year from bull riding-related injuries.
Travel from Managua to Juigalpa
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive 100 kms towards El Rama until Juigalpa. You will drive thru Boaco Intersection, San Francisco and San Lorenzo.
Distance from Managua to Juigalpa is 138 kilometers or two hours by car and three by bus.
Travel from Managua to Santo Tomás, Chontales
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive 100 kms towards El Rama for 250 kms. Drive thru the cities of: intersection Boaco, San Francisco, San Lorenzo, Juigalpa, Lovago. Once you reach Acoyapa-El Rama intersection, turn left (East) towards El Rama, drive for 15 kms until Santo Tomas.
Distance from Managua to Juigalpa is 178 kilometers or 2:30 hours by car and 3:30 by bus.
Travel from Managua to La Libertad & Santo Domingo, Chontales
Travel to Juigalpa, right before reaching the city turn left on La Libertad road. The city of La Libertad is 170 kms from Managua.
Distance from La Libertad you may continue to Santo Domingo located 181 kilometers from Managua.
Acoyapa is a municipality of the Department of Chontales. Its name comes from the mexican "apoyanh", which means "high place", and the adverb "pan" which means location.
You will find the Santa Marta caves, and the caves of “las ventanas en el cerro”. The local mountains are: Las Pavas and Las Mangas. The valleys are: La Guayaba, El Aceitunal, Guanacastal, San Agustín and Santa Rosa. The main rivers are: Río Acoyapa, Ojocuapa, Río de Agua, El Cacao and Río Oyate.
The Population of the municipality is 20,000 inhabitants. The department of Chontales has 154,000 inhabitants. Acoyapa lies in south central Nicaragua, on the eastern edge of Lake Nicaragua. The town is situated outside the main region in which Nicaragua’s ancient ruins lie, which is largely along the coast. However, a short drive gives you access to several of the country’s coastal ruins.
Travel from Managua to Acoyapa
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive 100 kms towards El Rama. You will drive thru Boaco Intersection, San Francisco, San Lorenzo and Juigalpa. Once you reach Lóvago (Intersection Acoyapa) turn right (NIC 25) o South towards San Carlos, the first city is Acoyapa.
The distance from Managua to Acoyapa is 170 kilometers and it takes 2 ½ hours by car and 4 hours by bus.
Estelí, officially "Villa de San Antonio de Pavia de Estelí" is a city and municipality within the Estelí department. It is the third largest city in Nicaragua, an active commercial center in the north and is known as "the Diamond of the Segovias." Located on the Pan-American Highway, 150 km north of Managua, Estelí is a fast growing and progressive city of about 119,000 people. It enjoys a pleasant climate throughout most of the year due to its location in the north central highlands at a mean elevation of 844 m above sea level. The city is also surrounded by forested mountains of pines, oaks, and walnuts, and plateaus that go up to 1600 m above sea level, some which are protected as natural reserves.
The land around Estelí is perfect for growing tobacco for use in cigars, and the town became a refuge for Cuban cigar makers after the Cuban Revolution in 1959. Award winning cigars have made Estelí one of the most important cigar-producing cities in the world. Estelí also has many language schools, restaurants, and hotels that cater to tourists traveling to nearby natural reserves and other parts of the region. Natural Reserves around the area include Miraflor, Tisey-Estanzuela, Las Brisas-Quiabuc, Tomabú, Tepesomoto, and Moropotente.
Travel from Managua to Estelí
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until Sébaco (100 kms), drive thru Tipitapa, Intersection San Benito, Ciudad Darío. When you arrive at Sébaco turn left (NIC 1) towards Honduras for 48 kilometers until arriving in Estelí.
Distance from Managua to Estelí is 148 kilometers and it takes two hours by car and three hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Sébaco
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until Sébaco (100 kms), drive thru Tipitapa, Intersection San Benito, Ciudad Darío.
Distance from Managua to Sébaco is 102 kilometers and it takes 1:30 hours by car y 2:30 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Ciudad Darío, Matagalpa
See travel to Sébaco, it is located on km 89 on North Pan-American highway after San Benito and before Sebaco.
Travel from Managua to Condega, Estelí
See travel to Ocotal. Condega is 30 kms North of Estelí. It is 185 kms from Managua.
Travel from Managua to San Isidro, Estelí
From Sébaco take Estelí highway for 10 kms until San Isidro.
Travel from Managua to La Trinidad, Estelí
From Sébaco take Estelí highway for 15 kms until La Trinidad.
Granada is a city in western Nicaragua and the capital of the Granada Department. With an estimated population of 110,326 (2003), it is Nicaragua's fourth most populous city. Granada is historically one of Nicaragua's most important cities, economically and politically. It has a rich colonial heritage, seen in its architecture and structure.Granada was founded in 1524 by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, ostensibly the first European city in mainland America. Unlike other cities that claim the same distinction, the city of Granada was not only the settlement of the conquest, but also a city registered in official records of the Crown of Aragon, and the Kingdom of Castile in Spain.
Granada is also known as La Gran Sultana, in reflection of its Moorish and Andalusia appearance, unlike its sister city of León and historical rival, which displays Castilian trends.
t was named by Hernández de Córdoba after the ancient Spanish city of Granada. This was done in honor of the defeat of the last Moorish stronghold, which had been Spanish Granada, by the Catholic King and Queen of Spain. Granada, Nicaragua was historically the sister capital in Central America to Antigua, Guatemala. During the colonial period, Granada maintained a flourishing level of commerce with ports on the Atlantic Ocean, through Lake Nicaragua (a.k.a. Cocibolca) and the San Juan River.
The city has been witness and victim to many of the battles with and invasions from English, French and Dutch pirates trying to take control of Nicaragua.
It was also where William Walker, the American filibuster, took up residence and attempted to take control of Central America as a ruling president. One of Walker's generals, Charles Frederick Henningsen, set the city ablaze before escaping; destroying much of the ancient city and leaving printed the words "Here was Granada".
For many years Granada disputed with León its hegemony as the major city of Nicaragua. The city of Granada was favored by the Conservatives, while Léon was favored by the Liberals. For many years there was conflict that at times became quite violent between the cities' families and political factions. In the mid-19th century a compromise site was agreed on and the capital was finally established at Managua between both cities .
Granada avoided much of the tumult of the Sandinista Era in the 1970-80s.
Granada was founded on the shores of Lake Nicaragua (Lake Cocibolca) by Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba in 1524. This makes Granada, Nicaragua one of the oldest settlements in Central America. Francisco named Granada after his home in Spain.
Historically Granada was the sister capital of Central America to Antigua, Guatemala. During the colonial period Granada became one of the most important harbors in Central America. Granada had ports on the Atlantic, through Lake Nicaragua and on the San Juan River.
Travel from Managua to Granada
Take Masaya Highway (NIC 4) trhu Intersection Ticuantepe-Veracruz, Volcán Masaya, Nindiri, el Castillo Coyotepe, until Masaya. Continue on the same road (NIC 4) passing all roundabouts of Masaya until reaching Granada.
Distance from Managua to Granada is 56 kilometers and it takes one hour by car and 1 ½ hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Mombacho, Granada
Take Masaya Highway (NIC 4) trhu Intersection Ticuantepe-Veracruz, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until Masaya. Continue on the same road passing all roundabouts of Masaya (NIC 4) until reaching Granada. Enter Granada on the first major road on your right, continuing on NIC 4 until reaching Calle Xalteva, turn right 1 long block, turn left on Iglesia Maria Auxiliadora/Colegio Salesiano, continue on NIC 4, pass the Granada Cemetery, direction Nandaime (South). 10 kms later you will find the Catarina intersection on your right, turn left (East) on a brick road towards Volcan Mombacho.
Distance from Managua to Mombacho is 70 kilometers and it takes 1:15 hours by car and 2 hours by bus.
Jinotega is the capital of Jinotega Department in the north central region of Nicaragua.
The capital city of the Department of Jinotega is the City of Jinotega. The Department of Jinotega produces 80% of the nation's coffee. It has a population of about 51,000 as of 2005 living inside a vast valley surrounded by mountains. Located near Apanas Lake, Jinotega is known as "La Ciudad de las Brumas" ("City of Mists") for the magnificent whisks of clouds continuously feathering through the top of the valley.
Jinotega contains the following municipalities: El Cuá, Jinotega, La Concordia, San José de Bocay, San Rafael del Norte, San Sebastián de Yalí, Santa María de Pantasma, Wiwilí.
The city of about 50 000 people are also known as "La Ciudad de las Brumas" ("City of Mists"). It is unclear when the city was claimed by the Spanish but it is known to be before 1731. Before the Spanish settled the down it was an Indian Settlement. The local tails claim that the area was settled by five spanish families around year 1700.
The meaning of the name Jinotega is hotly debated. The word is derived from the Nahuatl word "Xinotencatl" but some claim the meaning of that word to be "Neighbors of the Jiñocuabos" while others claim it to mean "City of the Old Men" and that it was a refers to the old age the Indian who lived here achieved.
Tourists that want to visit Jinotega will find plenty to see ranging from historical buildings and the Sandino Museum to coffee plantations and stunning nature.
Tourist will find cheap food, cheap hotels and modern conveniences ranging from phone and internet to ATM’s.
Travel from Managua to Jinotega
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until Sébaco (100 kms). Continue North on NIC 3 towards Matagalpa. You have two options to reach Jinotega from Sebaco:
Traditional: Drive 30 kilometers from Sebaco to Matagalpa. Turn North on highway JM 15 towards Jinotega until you reach this city, you will drive thru mountain hotel Selva Negra.
Distance from Managua to Jinotega thru Matagalpa is 162 kilometers and it takes three hours by car and four hours by bus due to mountain driving.
New Road: 5 kms from Sebaco on NIC 3 turn left on Jinotega highway thru El Guayacan.
Distance from Managua to Jinotega is 145 kilometers and it takes 2:30 hours by car and 3:30 hours by bus due to mountain driving.
Visit our full page on Leon Nicaragua for complete details.
Formally known as Santiago de León de los Caballeros, the country's original capital was founded by Francisco Fernández de Córdoba on June 15, 1524 - almost two months after arch-rival Granada, which has never let León forget it, and 242 years before the (ahem) quaint little fishing village of Managua was handed the prize.
León remains what many frustrated visitors are looking for in the capital: cultural center with mind-blowing churches, thriving universities, fabulous art collections and historic sites. Its thick-walled colonial architecture has yet to receive the makeover Granada is currently enjoying (there are still bullet holes left over from the 1970s), but this is actually the more authentically Spanish city, having been burned to the ground only a fraction of the times of its oft-sacked southern adversary.
Leon has a rich history and has served as the capital of Nicaragua many times. Leon has an architecturally interesting city center and is full of old cathedrals and colonial houses.
León is a land of volcanoes, hot weather and interesting cities. Here, visitors will find the ruins of one of the first Spanish colonial cities that were built in the continent, which are preserved thanks to the volcanic sand that buried the place after an eruption. The elegant city of León preserves its attractive historical center and colonial buildings. Also, there are many natural attractions as well as little known and remote rural areas.
Leon is one of the most important cities in the country. The center itself is an attractive destination due to its museums, art galleries, colorful colonial architecture, an imposing cathedral, and the facades of its churches. The city also has hotels, restaurants, local tour operators, bars and clubs. It is also a good starting point to explore the region.
The beaches of Leon Department are:
- Las Peñitas
- Puerto Sandino (Previously Puerto Somoza)
- El Velero
- El Transito
Places to See in Leon
- León Cathedral - this is the biggest cathedral in Central America. The story goes that the construction plans sent back to Spain for approval showed smaller dimensions, because they were afraid the Church wouldn't approve such a large cathedral, although this story has been debunked. The cathedral is also the final resting place of Ruben Dario, as well as many other notable Nicaraguans. You can pay a small fee to climb the stairs up to the roof, where you can get a nice view of all of León's churches and the surrounding volcanoes, and you can go into the cellars beneath the cathedral. On the roof you can see close up the giant sculptures holding up the cathedral bells, just don't ring them.
- Iglesia de San Juan Bautista de Subtiava - one of the oldest colonial churches in Leon, the church has served a traditionally indigenous community. The rustic wood interior is a pleasant deviance from the often ornate styles that are more typical of the period.
- Fundacion Ortiz - is an artistic treasure trove. It has a collection of European masters and a stunning collection of Latin American art.
- Centro de Arte Fundación Ortiz Gurdián, (3 blocks west of the cathedral on the avenue). This privately supported centre is perhaps the finest art museum in Nicaragua. Showcases both international and Central American artists of various periods and media. Admission proceeds go the Breast Cancer Programme for Low Income Women. C$20 general, C$10 student (with ID).
- Museo Ruben Dario. Pick up some of his poetry (Azul is a good beginning). There is an art museum that has a good collection, including contemporary art. It occupies two houses. The main part on a southeast corner of the street that runs from Parque Ruben Dario to the Cathedral (Avenida Central).
- El Fortin For the best view over the city and the volcanoes, go to this old Somoza stronghold southwest of León, best reached from Subtiava. It's a 20 minute walk, ask locals for directions.
Travel from Managua to León
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Nagarote, La Paz Centro until ending at Izapa intersection. Turn right (North) on NIC 12 towards León until km 88.
Distance from Managua to León is 92 kilometers and it takes 1:15 hour by car and 1:45 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Mateare, Managua
See Travel to León, after passing Ciudad Sandino and Los Brasiles, the next town is Mateare.
Travel from Managua to Nagarote
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Los Brasiles, Mateare until reaching Nagarote.
Distance from Managua to Nagarote is 41 kilometers and it takes a half hour by car and less than one hour by bus.
Travel from Managua to La Paz Centro
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Los Brasiles, Mateare, Nagarote until reaching La Paz Centro.
Distance from Managua to La Paz Centro is 56 kilometers and it takes 45 minutes by car y 1:00 hour by bus.
Travel from Managua to Telica
Drive on the South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until km 6, Parque Las Piedrecitas, turn North on León Nueva Highway (NIC 26) towards Ciudad Sandino/Nagarote/León. You will drive through Ciudad Sandino, Xiloa intersection, Nagarote, La Paz Centro until ending at Izapa intersection. Turn right (North) on NIC 12 towards León until km 88, entrance to León, turn right on Chinandega by-Pass until it reconnects with León-Chinandega highway (NIC 12), turn right on this road. Drive 6 kilometers until reaching Telica.
Distance from Managua to Telica is 103 kilometers and it takes 1:30 hour by car y 2:00 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to El Sauce, León
Drive to Estelí, turn South on Telica highway towards León and El Sauce is 30 kilometers from Estelí.
Somoto, meaning The Valley of Geese, is a town located in the hills of northern Nicaragua around 20 km south-west of Ocotal, and is in the department of Madriz. It was founded as a town in 1867, and since 1936, has been the capital of Madriz. Somoto is also home to the Somoto Canyon, a relatively big tourist attraction in Nicaragua. Somoto has a total population of approximately 40,000 with 15,000 people living in the urban area and 25,000 in 48 nearby communities.
Notable people from Somoto include Carlos Mejía Godoy and Luis Enrique, both popular musicians in Nicaragua.
Travel from Managua to Somoto
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until Sébaco (100 kms), drive thru Tipitapa, Intersection San Benito, Ciudad Darío. When you arrive at Sébaco turn left (NIC 1) towards Honduras for 48 kilometers until arriving in Estelí. Continue on Pan-American highway (NIC 1) towards Somoto for 68 kms. Drive thru Yalaguina, after Ocotal Intersection continue 3 kms on NIC 1 Pan-American until reaching Somoto.
Distance from Managua to Ocotal is 217 kilometers and it takes three hours by car and four hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to El Espino, Honduras border
Travel to Somoto, continue from Somoto on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until El Espino, the Honduras border. 45 kms from the border westbound is Choluteca, Honduras. 100 kms northnbound is Tegucigalpa.
Distance from Managua to El Espino, Honduras border, is 238 kilometers and it takes 3:30 hours by car and five hours by bus.
Managua is the capital city of Nicaragua. It is also the largest city in Nicaragua. The city has a population of roughly 1,800,000, composed predominantly of mestizos and whites; making it the second most populous city in Central America after Guatemala City. Managua's location between the rival cities of León and Granada made it a logical and ideal compromise site in determining the nation's capital. Managua's economy is based mainly on trade. The city is Nicaragua's chief trading center for coffee, cotton, and other crops. It is also an important industrial center. Its chief products for trade include beer, coffee, matches, textiles, and shoes.
The city has been witness to the rise and fall of political powers throughout Nicaragua's history and suffered devastating earthquakes in 1931 and 1972. Managua is the economic, political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of Nicaragua. Since the 1972 earthquake, residential and business areas have been built on the outskirts of Managua. Managua has been dubbed as the Venice of Central America because of its escalating use of makeshift canals that can be found throughout the city. Residents of the city and of the department of Managua are called Managüenses.
The main beaches of the Department of Managua are:
- Pochomil Viejo
Nicaragua is one of Latin America's economically friendly destinations. Its hotel, food and transportation costs are a fraction of its neighbors. Eating at local restaurants is extremely inexpensive, and for $30, a meal for four can be served at these locations. Fast food locations are relatively similar to those in North America and Europe in terms of price. High-end restaurants are also affordable. Foreign cuisine, like French and Italian specialties, are served at high-end locations for a fraction of the price found in North American and European cities. Transportation is equally affordable with bus trips for less than US$1.00 and taxi services. Hotels, as anywhere, vary from cheap hostels to full service five stars for under $200.
Places to see in Managua
· Cathedral of Managua. Ruins of the city's old cathedral are a remembrance of the damage caused by a 1972 earthquake that destroyed much of central Managua.
· Palacio Nacional. The old national palace is now a museum featuring several salons with exhibits highlighting the indigenous Nahuatl people and the 2,500 year old stone sculptures they left behind. A smattering of popular arts and cultural exhibits round out the museum, which also features a beautiful courtyard garden. Adult : 4 USD. Guided tour in Spanish and English included.
· Rotonda Ruben Dario. There is a lovely fountain at the Ruben Darío Rotonda that is lit up at night and visible from Tiscapa.
· Tiscapa Lagoon. Fresh water lagoon in the crater of an extinct volcano. This is where you'll also find the landmark silhouette of Augusto Sandino as well as military memorials. Zip-lines over the lagoon let you fly across the water in a harness (for a fee).
· Huellas de Acahualinca, M-F : 8AM to 5PM / Sa-Su : 9AM to 4PM. Footprints of a group of around 10 people that walked towards the lake 6000 years ago. The tracks were found 4 meters below the surface and were preserved thanks to a nearby volcano eruption. Note that the site of the footprints is in a very bad neighborhood. You must take a taxi to get there and take a taxi to leave. Do not attempt to walk there. Adult : 4 USD.
· New Cathedral, Near Rotonda Rubén Darío. Designed by Mexican architect Ricardo Legorreta and completed in Sept. 1993, some find this unusual Catholic church to be fascinating. Some find the roof's 63 domes to be sleek and mosque-like.
· Parque de la Paz, Área Monumental. Your chance to see a lot of grayish-white concrete poured over AK-47s and one tank, which is supposed to symbolize everlasting peace in Nicaragua now that the Contra war is over.
Places to Eat in Managua
· Los Ranchos: steak house that is so good, it spawned a chain in South Florida. Has been popular with locals for lunch and dinner since the days of Somoza. During that time, the politicians on opposite side of the conflict would run into each other here on a regular basis. Service is impeccable. They serve a churrasco that is hard to beat for flavor and tenderness. Order it with a gin Martini for appetizer. Located about 3 blocks north of estatua de Montoya. $$.
· La Plancha: Steak house at its best and finest. Dare you to try it and not say its one of the best steaks you ever had tried in your life. Their signature plate is the name of the restaurant: La Plancha. Comes with mashed potatoes and plantains on a hot grill. $$.
· Le Café de Paris: the best French restaurant in town. Taken care personally by its proprietor and chef, Jeaninne. Very good wines. Ask for its famous foie gras, green salad and pepper steak. Located in Los Robles. $$$.
· Las Anforas: Typically you wouldn’t expect good food at a hotel, but this restaurant, located at the Holiday Inn has excellent cousine, great taste and large variety, and kids can enjoy the pool at the Sunday parrilladas. $$
· Asados El Gueguense: great local cuisine. Large selection of local meat dishes. $$.
· La Cocina de Doña Haydée: a good taste of local Nicaraguan cuisine. 3 Locations - Original off the Carretera Masaya km 4.5 (not far from Metrocentro), another near the Rotonda Bello Horizonte and the last in the food court at Metrocentro. $
· A good breakfast is Leche Agria - a homemade yogurt like drink. Look for signs advertising it in store fronts and pulperias. Put a little salt on it and eat it with tortilla.
· Casa del Cafe for good coffee and breakfast. Four locations, one in Los Robles, one on the second floor of Metrocentro, one in Galerias Santo Domingo and one after the security check at Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.
· Sushi Itto, in case you have a craving. Three locations, one in Carretera Masaya (in Plaza Familiar), one in Galerias Santo Domingo, and one in Plaza Caracol. $$.
· La Cueva del Buzo - great seafood freshly caught. Must go if you can afford it $$
· El Rincon Salvadoreno - fantastic Salvadorian pupusas and fruit juices in a pleasant outdoor area $
· The "Zona Rosa" is an area with bars and restaurants that has sprung up in what was once a mostly residential area. It is located south of the BAC building. Highlights include Pharaoh's casino, Casa del Cafe, bars east of Lacmiel, la Casa del Baho restaurant, and Hipa Hipa bar.
· Last but not least there are also bars and restaurants in the new "Zona Viva" in Galerias Santo Domingo
Bars & Night Clubs of Managua
- Moods, in Galeria Santo Domingo located on Carretera Masaya. Fanciest and Hippest disco in Managua. Entrance can be from 150 cordobas to 300 cordobas, parties W-Sa.
- HipaHipa. Exclusive Club on Carretera Masaya. Entrance can be 150 cordobas, parties wed/fri/sat.
- Broder, in Carretera Masaya. Disco with entry fee up to 150 cordobas, parties Th-Sa.
- Toro Huaco, in the Zona Rosa across from the Picoteo. Outdoor restaurant bar that is comfortable with large groups. Sit under the stars on clear nights. Open mike night on Thursdays for joke telling is good night to get to know the Nicaraguan sense of humor. Owner speaks English fluently.
- Music Lounge, 2 blocks north of the Texaco in Altamira. Outdoor/indoor music bar that plays a range of music. Nice lighting and atmosphere. Show up with friends.
- Art Cafe, Art Cafe is a very nice place for listening to live alternative music and have a tranquil evening. It has a colorful bohemian looks and art on their walls and in the vibe of the place and the people that frequent it in general. Go there by taxi, ask for "Art Cafe, en frente del Parque las Palmas"
There are tons of bars in the area south of the big BAC building downtown, find an abandoned place called Lacmiel and head east to find this zone.
There are also a few bars and restaurants around ZONA HIPPOS. Woody's has good wings, Pirata's is a popular local restaurant/bar and Tercer Ojo is a more upscale resto-lounge with fusion cuisine. This area is west of the traffic light at Hilton Princess and La Union supermarket.
Flying to Managua from Miami, Houston, Atlanta or Fort Lauderdale
American, United, Delta and Spirit Airlines are the US airlines servicing Nicaragua with daily nonstop flights to Managua from Miami, Houston, Atlanta & Fort Lauderdale respectively; all these flights last between 2 and 3 hours. Additionally, Copa and Avianca-TACA have multiple daily flights from Managua to all destinations on North, Central & South America, with direct flights to Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panamá and with one connection to the rest of the countries.
Travel from Managua to Tipitapa
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sebaco-Matagalpa, you will drive thru the airport on km 11, the Free Trade Zone and you will arrive at Tipitapa on km 22.
Distance from Managua to Tipitapa is 21 kilometers and it takes half hour by car and less than an hour by bus. Expect heavy traffic during work hours.
Travel from Managua to Pochomil y Masachapa
From Managua take South Pan-American Highway (Carretera Sur-NIC 1) until km 9, direction Rivas or Costa Rica. South Highway turns right into Carretera Leon Viejo, stay on this straight road until km 30. Do not turn into South Highway. Turn left on km 30 on a brick road and drive until km 62 where the road ends. Turn Right to Masachapa/Montelimar/Pochomil for 4.3 kms. Turn left on the first major paved road towards Pochomil (South). Drive 1.8 kms on a paved road; pass the bridge, gas station, and the entrance to Pochomil popular resort on your right.
Distance from Managua to Masachapa is 73 kms and it takes 1 hour by private car y 1:30 hours by bus.
Distance from Managua to Pochomil is 75 kilometers and it takes 1 hour by private car y 1:30 hours by bus.
Distance from Managua to Pochomil Viejo is 78 kilometers and it takes 1:10 hours by private car y 1:30 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Playa Montelimar
From Pochomil-Masachapa turn right on Montelimar road for 3 kms.
Travel from Managua to San Rafael del Sur
From Masachapa-Pochomil drive East on NIC 8 towards until San Rafael del Sur.
Masaya, culturally known as the City of Flowers, is the capital city of Masaya department. It is situated approximately 14 km west of Granada and 31 km southeast from Managua. The town of Masaya is situated just East of Masaya Volcano (Volcán de Masaya), an active volcano from which the city takes its name. The 2005 population estimate was 146,000. Masaya is known as "The Cradle of Nicaraguan Folklore" and is the very heart of Nicaraguan handicrafts. The main market in Masaya is located next to the central bus station. The market is divided into sections, with each section serving a different need. Aside from unique Nicaraguan products such as hand woven hammocks, embroidered blouses, wood carvings, and hemp weaving the market is very diverse. An entire section of the market is dedicated to selling electronic devices and clothing, while another area is reserved for raw meat. Everything is available in the market from hardware and beauty supplies to produce from the surrounding area.
Masaya is noted for the annual fall fiesta of San Jerónimo, which is rooted in the Roman Catholic faith of the people who celebrate their patron saint, San Jerónimo. Although many people, including some Nicaraguans, may consider this event a cultural event without participating in the religious content, the vast majority are rendering their devotion to their saint when they participate in the folkloric dances and other street processions, such as the carnivalesque "Torovenado" celebrations, which often have groups and individuals who perform satires of local and national political figures. This celebration is famous within the country to the extensiveness (~ 3 months) and richness of folkloric elements.
- El Coyotepe is an old fortress that dates back to the 19th Century, an awsome panoramic view of the City of Masaya and its surroundings can be taken from this fortess. See picture.
- El Malecón is open area where you can get an awesome view of the Masaya Volcano and the Masaya Lagoon.
- El Mercado Viejo is market that resembles a castle, it was buit at the ends of the 19th century. It is one of the most visited touristic places in Masaya. There you can buy any kind of handicraft made in the country. The Mercardo de Artesanias (Craft Market) is located inside what used to be the "mercado viejo" (old market), a 1900s structure that is located near the center of the city and a couple of blocks away from the general population market. This market has been revitalized and set as a tourist spot, where crafts from Masaya and other areas of Nicaragua can be found. In addition, every Thursday night there is a Noche de Verbena or Night of Revelry, where folkloric dances are presented. See picture.
Museo de Heróes y Mártires is a museum located inside of the Alcaldía de Masaya (Town Hall). This is a museum dedicated to the heroes and martyrs of Nicararaguan Revolution in 1979.
- 7 Esquinas is a place where 7 corners converge, very particular and unique in Masaya.
- La plazita de Monimbó is a located in the indigenous neighborhood of Monimbo. After 5:00 p.m. different kinds of typical food can be bought at this plaza for very cheap prices.
- Masaya Volcano: Volcán Masaya National Park is popular tourist site. It has a small museum and tourist information. Tour guides and proper equipment are provided for treks inside bat caves created by lava flows from past eruptions. Today, lava can be visible in the volcano’s crater. Masaya is the most active volcano in the region. It is actually made up of two volcanoes: Masaya and Nindirí with a total of five craters. The Spanish first described the volcano in 1524 and believed the belching lava to be melting gold. But when Fray Bartolomé de las Casas first saw it called it the "Gates of Hell". Since then, Masaya Volcano has erupted at least 19 times. From 1965 to 1979 the volcano contained an active lava lake. The last reported eruption event was in 2003, when a plume reportedly shot ~4.6 km into the air. Masaya is an unusual basaltic volcano because it has had explosive eruptions. An eruption in 4550 B.C. was one of the largest on Earth in the last 10.000 years.
- Laguna de Apoyo: The City of Masaya is also located West of a large, deep crater lake named "Apoyo". Part of the Apoyo Lagoon Natural Reserve, this lake is a popular attraction in the area, and is host to several hostels and small resorts. Apoyo's crater measures four miles wide and over 656 feet deep. It is used for fishing as well as water sports. It has also been a location for pre-colonial archaeological findings.
Also, Masaya has several churches built in the colonial period and in the 19th century. Some of the churches are: Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, San Jeronimo, San Juan, San Miguel, etc.
Travel from Managua to Masaya
Take carretera Masaya (NIC 4) thru the Ticuantepe-Veracruz Intersection, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until you reach Masaya on km 26.
Distance from Managua to Masaya is 29 kilometers and it takes half hour by car and one hour by bus.
Travel from Managua to Diriomo, Masaya
Take carretera Masaya (NIC 4) thru the Ticuantepe-Veracruz Intersection, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until you reach Masaya on km 26. After passing Masaya on the second and last roundabout turn South (right) towards Catarina for 10 kilometers until the Masatepe-Diriomo intersection, there turn left (East) towards Diriomo-Nandaime for 6 kilometers thru San Juan de Oriente and Diriá until reaching Diriomo.
Distance from Managua to Diriomo is 44 kilometers and it takes less than an hour by car and 1:30 hours by bus due to Masaya traffic.
Travel from Managua to Laguna Apoyo, Masaya
Take carretera Masaya (NIC 4) thru the Ticuantepe-Veracruz Intersection, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until you reach Masaya on km 26. After passing Masaya on the second and last roundabout turn South (right) towards Catarina for 1 km until the Monimbo intersection, there turn left (East) for 6 kms towards Laguna de Apoyo.
Distance from Managua to Laguna de Apoyo is 40 kms and it takes 0:45 hour by car and 1 ½ hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Mirador de Catarina, Masaya
Take carretera Masaya (NIC 4) thru the Ticuantepe-Veracruz Intersection, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until you reach Masaya on km 26. After passing Masaya on the second and last roundabout turn South (right) towards Catarina for 10 kilometers until the Masatepe-Diriomo intersection. Catarina is on your left (East), enter the town and follow the directions to El Mirador de Catarina where you can see the Apoyo lagoon.
Distance from Managua to Catarina is 40 kilometers and it takes an hour by car and 1:30 hours by bus due to Masaya traffic.
It is one of the eleven towns within the jurisdiction of Masaya department. Nindiri used to be a major indigenous community ruled by the brave Tenderi Indian chief, who governed some 20 thousand Chorotegas people. The main entrance of the town is located along the main road Masaya-Managua and only few minutes away to Masaya Volcano National Park. Today Nindiri has a population of 30 thousand people who make their living out of agriculture, commerce, textile industry, and production of furniture.
The town has a small colonial church dedicated to Santa Ana, which main festivity is celebrated in the month of July and part of August. As every Spanish conquered indigenous village there is a plaza with a park where most local citizens meet to spend some time. There is also a museum exhibiting part of pre-Hispanic findings including funeral urns, metates (food grinding volcanic rocks), plates, offering pots, and other important archaeological artifacts.
A lava flow in 1772 from Masaya volcano threatened to sweep away Nindiri, which by miracle survived. The current of magma changed direction and most of it flowed into Masaya volcanic crater lake. The inhabitant at that time attributed this miracle to power of God.
Travel from Managua to Nindirí
Take carretera Masaya (NIC 4) thru the Ticuantepe-Veracruz Intersection, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until you reach Nindirí on your left (North).
Distance from Managua to Nindirí is 26 kilometers and it takes a half hour by car and one hour by bus.
It is a peaceful village nestled among one of the most pleasant regions of the Pacific basin of Nicaragua. It is known as a “Nomativa” town due the proximity of other neighboring communities like San Juan de Oriente, Catarina, Nandasmo, Masatape and San Marcos. Niquinohomo is a nahuatl word which means “village of warrior”, presumably it was once occupied by courageous Chorotegas groups who defended their dominion at the arrival of the Spaniard conquistadores.
Niquinohomo is National Patrimony since August 2002. The origin of its name is Chorotega or Mexican, composed of NEC which means “warrior” and NAHOME meaning “Valley”, or “Valley of Warriors”.
Certainly the most relevant and historical event that took place in Niquinohomo was the birth of General Augusto Cesar Sandino in 1895. “Sandino”, as he is popularly known, became the leader of the Nicaraguan Army for the Sovereignty Defense and led its rebel group to fight the US Marines from 1927 to 1933 in the highlands of Nicaragua. He was killed in 1934 by members of the National Guard (G.N) directed by Anastasio Somoza Garcia. In 1961 the university student Carlos Fonseca Amador along with other students funded the Sandinista political party in honor of Sandino. The northwest corner of Niquinohomo Plaza Central still preserves Sandino’s father house where he was living for some years.
Another remarkable characteristic of Niquinohomo is its colonial church built in 1663 to honor Santa Ana. The construction of the temple was done by the subjugated indigenous people under the direction of the Spaniards. The rocks to make the church were carried from Apoyo volcanic crater lake. It is considered one of the longest temples of Nicaragua holding the title of national monument by President Anastasio Somoza Debayle
Travel from Managua to Niquinohomo (Niquinomo)
Take carretera Masaya (NIC 4) thru the Ticuantepe-Veracruz Intersection, Volcán Masaya, Nindirí, el Castillo Coyotepe, until you reach Masaya on km 26. After passing Masaya on the second and last roundabout turn South (right) towards Catarina for 10 kilometers until the Masatepe-Diriomo intersection, there turn right (West) towards Masatepe-San Marcos for 5 kilometers until reaching Niquinohomo.
Distance from Managua to Niquinohomo (Niquinomo) is 43 kilometers and it takes 45 minutes by car and 1:30 hours by bus due to Masaya traffic.
Travel from Managua to Masatepe, Masaya
From Niquinohomo continue 5 kilometers towards San Marcos until you arrive in Masatepe.
Matagalpa is the must visit city if you are interested in seeing Nicaraguan mountain region. It is a good jumping off point for visiting the coffee and cattle farms in the area, hiking and witnessing what remains of the impact of Germans immigrants in Nicaragua. If you like mountain hiking, bird watching, horseback riding, ecotourism, agritourism, Indian Villages, Coffee Farms tours, mountain scenery for photographs, temperate climate, polkas and Mazurcas music, and history, Matagalpa may be the place to visit.
Matagalpa is located in the highlands that make the water shed division of the Caribbean and Pacific rivers, it was called "The Frontier of the Jungle" by the Spanish Conquistadores because it divided the historical Mosquito Kingdom and the Colonial Spanish towns. It has mountain resorts with bungalows, youth hostell, and regular hotel rooms, bar and restaurants, many residents speak English.
Matagalpa is a historical Indian city of 100,000 inhabitants, where you can find restaurants and cyber cafes. Many Central Europeans (German, Brittsh, French and Italian) famlies settled here since 1848, after they changed their minds about reaching the Californian gold mines, decided to stay here, other followed them years later.(One of them was William Richardson, grandfather of Bill Richardson, the current Governor of New Mexico. William senior (Grandpa) is buried in the well known "Matagalpa Foreing Cemetery" a few blocks south. The province of Matagalpa has 12 different protected forest areas, great variety of birds and orchids, and all kind of wild life (Mountain lion, deer, howler monkies, quetzal and toucan birds, sloth, ocelot, wild pig, etc.)
Matagalpa may be a nice town to walk all over and take photos. You may visit and take pictures inside historical churches,like: The Cathedral (Built in 1874, San Jose ( started in 1750, formely called San Felipe), Molaguina (1800s, formely Dolores Church). The colonial Santa Ana church disappeared in 1850s, but you can see its old foundations just across the "Escuela de Parvulos", also the old brick and adobe walls of the Jesuit Fathers Convent(now Cancha del Bridadista),Museo del Cafe, Casa Cuna de Carlos Fonseca Amador (1936-1975), the old house of fomer President Bartolome Martinez (1870-1936), also the house of the Comunidad Indigena.
Matagalpa has two public libraries, the Municipal, and Vicente Vita, the last one in located in the main street (la calle de los Bancos) this one is very comfortable, has many computers & free Internet access. There are three historical Catholic church temples, few blocks apart: the Cathedral, Molaguina and San Jose, they have nice interior architecture and you can take pictures and talk to the parisioners. Saint Peter´s Cathedral is the major building of the city, it was built by the Jesuit fathers starting in 1874, and finished in 1895. In the Bishop´s Palace (Calle de lso Bancos), there is a small Chapel called "El Ateneo", there is a big 5x 10 feet famous oil painting named Sagrada Familia, it is believed to be painted by Bartolomeo Murillo, a classical Spanish painter of the year 1640`s. It showes Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph, Saint Ignatius Loyola and Saint Louis Gonzaga. Pay a visit to it, if it is Murillo´s, it must be an invaluable painting, local people don´t realized its value. According to a legend, in 1881, the Jesuit fathers, before they were expulsed by the government, gave it "in deposit" (to take care)to the local family Baldizon, that´s the reason "El Lienzo" (the canvas) still is in Matagalpa, because members of that family has not allowed it to be sold or translated to other destiny.
Also be sure to visit the Castillo de Cacao located just outside of the city limits, this tiny chocolate factory manufactures high quality chocolate, and if you call ahead, you can arrange a free factory tour.
Other things to see or visit: There is a Movie Theater and a Coffee Museum.
Try the "guirila." It's a thick tortilla made from young corn (which gives it a sweeter taste than normal tortillas) that resembles a Colombian corn arepa. Excellent with a fresh, salty cheese called "cuajada".
While in Matagalpa you can eat traditional Indian cuisine, like:
- "Nacatamal", it is a banana leave wrap upfilled with boiled Indian corn dough, a piece of meat(pork o chicken),flavoured with olives, raisin, tomatoes, onions and chili.
- "Guirila", Indian word for tortillas made of very fresh little corn smashed, they are very tasty and aromatic.
- Carne Asada or barbequed beef or pork meat with roasted corn tortillas
- "Platanitos con frijoles molidos", this is fried banana slices with smashed fried red beans. You should add chili to it for they are very tasty.
- "Chrurrasco con chimichurri". They serve a big piece of tender Barbequed beef fillet, plus spice vegetable cream, white rice and salads. Accompanied with bread loafs or corn tortillas.
- "Pescado a la Tititapa". Favorite of the Gods. Recently fished and fried Guapote (Snapper type fish), bathed on whole tomato slices and onions, served with rice and corn tortillas.
Travel from Managua to Matagalpa
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until Sébaco (100 kms). Continue North on NIC 3 for 28 kilometers until you reach Matagalpa.
Distance from Managua to Matagalpa is 130 kilometers and it takes two hours by car and three by bus.
Travel from Managua to El Tuma-La Dalia
From Matagalpa continue North-East on NIC 5 for 40 kilometers towards El Tuma y La Dalia.
Distance from Managua to El Tuma-La Dalia is 164 kilometers and it takes 2:30 hours by car and four hours by bus due to mountain driving.
Travel from Managua to Waslala, RAAN
From Matagalpa continue North-East on NIC 5 for 110 kilometers, drive thru El Tuma y La Dalia and continue until Waslala.
Distance from Managua to Waslala is 244 kilometers and it takes 3:30 hours by car and five to six hours by bus due to mountains and road conditions.
The unexplored natural destinations of Matiguás are the main attractions of this municipality. The Cerro Kirawa Natural Reserve, in addition to other mountains like Paipi and Bijuagual, are located here. Other interesting sites are its many rivers and waterfalls of the area. The weather is slightly warmer than the average temperatures of the rest of the department. Its capital is Matiguás, which celebrates its religious festivities on March 19th in honor of San José.
La name MATIGUAS is of Nahualt origin and means "Water Mouse ". It is located in the center north of Nicaragua and belongs to what is called "Vía Láctea" or “Milk Route”, its economy is based on cattle and milk production, as well as agriculture. It has a natural reserve QUIRRAGUA.
Travel from Managua to Muy Muy y Matiguás
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms (BM 17) until Boaco, continue on the same road towards Rio Blanco for 60 kms driving through Muy Muy. From Muy Muy to Matiguas is 30 kms.
Distance from Managua to Matiguás es de 164 kilometers and it takes 2:30 hours by car y cuatro hours by bus debido a las montañas.
Matagalpa, Río Blanco
The peasant life is quite common in this municipality, which capitol is the small town of Rio Blanco. The Cerro Munsún Natural Reserve (1450 meters) is located in the Northern part of the urban center and represents the major attraction of the municipality. The cloud forest prevails in this reserve, as well as the waterfalls. It is possible to find guides at the park ranger station or at City Hall of the town.
Travel from Managua to Rio Blanco
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms (BM 17) until Boaco, continue on (BM 17) the same road 110 kms until you reach Rio Blanco. You will drive thru Muy Muy (60 kms from Boaco), Matiguas (30 kms form Muy Muy).
Distance from Managua to Rio Blanco is 200 kms and it takes 3 ½ hours by car and five hours by bus due to road conditions and mountain driving.
Travel from Managua to Bocana de Paiwas, RAAS
Drive to Rio Blanco, turn South (right) for 25 kms until Bocana de Paiwas.
Distance from Managua to Bocana de Paiwas, RAAS is 222 kms and it takes 4:00 hours by car and six hours by bus due to mountains and poor road conditions.
Nueva Segovia, Ocotal
Ocotal is the capital of the Nueva Segovia Department in Nicaragua with light industry and crafts. The main agricultural production is coffee. The city, which has a population of 39.450 (as of 2000), is located in a valley. The name comes from the native language word for pine resin, due to the local abundant pine ocote. It was the third Spanish colony (after León and Granada) founded in what would eventually be called the Province of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Its original name was Nueva Ciudad Segovia (New Segovia) and credits for its foundation are given to Rodrigo de Contreras in 1543. It is a smallish town near a lesser used northern border crossing. It has a real frontier feel. Not much for most travelers here other than a transit point. It is spread out over a few kilometers. There is more shopping here than you'd expect due to the border proximity. There is even a well stocked gun store.
There are 29 neighbourhoods: José Santos Rodríguez, Sandino, Hermanos Zamora, Teodoro López, Monseñor Madrigal, José Santos Duarte, Danilo Ponce, Yelba María Antúnez,Anexo Yelba María Antunez, Noel Weelock, Enrique Lacayo Farfán, Anexo Laura Sofía, Roberto Gómez Montalvan, Laura Sofía Olivas Paz, Nicarao, Leonardo Matute, 26 de septiembre, Santa Ana, Carlos Manuel Jarquin, Ramón Augusto López, Nora Astorga, Cristo del Rosario, Nuevo Amanecer, María Auxiliadora, Dinamarca, Pueblos unidos (where the Colonia del Maestro y 8 de mayo zones have been built).
Travel from Managua to Ocotal
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until Sébaco (100 kms), drive thru Tipitapa, Intersection San Benito, Ciudad Darío. When you arrive at Sébaco turn left (NIC 1) towards Honduras for 48 kilometers until arriving in Estelí. Continue North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) to Somoto. After passing Yalaguina turn right on the Intersection Somoto-Ocotal (NIC 15) towards Ocotal-Las Manos. Drive 20 kms to Ocotal.
Distance from Managua to Ocotal is 226 kilometers and it takes three hours by car and five hours by bus due to mountains.
Travel from Managua to Las Manos
Drive to Ocotal (See instructions above). After arriving in Ocotal take NIC 15 towards Las Manos passing thru Dipilto all the way to the border. From Las Manos you can drive 100 kms to Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
Distance from Managua to Las Manos is 251 kilometers and it takes 3:30 hours by car and six hours by bus due to mountains.
Travel from Managua to Jalapa
Drive to Ocotal (See instructions above). After arriving in Ocotal turn right (East) on NIC 29 towards Jalapa through Mozonte & San Fernando. After 30 kilometers you will reach the Quilalí-Jalapa intersection, turn left (North) towards Jalapa for 30 additional kilometers until Jalapa.
Distance from Managua to Jalapa is 295 kilometers and it takes four hours by car and six hours by bus due to mountains.
Travel from Managua to Quilalí, Nueva Segovia
Drive to Ocotal (See instructions above). After arriving in Ocotal turn right (East) on NIC 29 towards Jalapa through Mozonte & San Fernando. After 30 kilometers you will reach the Quilalí-Jalapa intersection, turn right (South) towards Quilalí for 5 kms.
Distance from Managua to Quilalí is 265 kilometers and it takes 3:30 hours by car and six hours by bus due to mountains.
Travel from Managua to El Jícaro, Nueva Segovia
Drive to Ocotal (See instructions above). After arriving in Ocotal turn right (East) on NIC 29 towards Jalapa through Mozonte & San Fernando. After 30 kilometers you will reach the Quilalí-Jalapa intersection, turn right (South) towards Quilalí for 5 kms and turn left to el Jicaro for 5 kms.
Distance from Managua to Jalapa is 280 kilometers and it takes 3:45 hours by car and six hours by bus due to mountains.
Travel from Managua to Wiwilí, Nueva Segovia
Drive to Ocotal (See instructions above). After arriving in Ocotal turn right (East) on NIC 29 towards Jalapa through Mozonte & San Fernando. After 30 kilometers you will reach the Quilalí-Jalapa intersection, turn right (South) towards Quilalí-Wiwilí for 25 kms passing Quilalí until Wiwilí.
Distance from Managua to Wiwili is 303 kilometers and it takes 4:15 hours by car and six hours by bus due to mountains and poor road conditions.
Travel from Managua to Mozonte, Nueva Segovia
After arriving in Ocotal turn right (East) on NIC 29 towards Jalapa for 5 kms until Mozonte. 245 kilometers from Managua.
RAAN, Puerto Cabezas (Bilwi)
Puerto Cabezas (English: Bragman's Bluff; Miskito: Bilwi) is a municipality in, and capital of, the North Atlantic Coast department (Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte) of Nicaragua.
The municipality and the entire region are indigenous lands. The city of Bilwi is part of The Community of Karata, including land north of Bilwi which borders The Community of Ten Communities. The owners are the various community groups who have demarcated their particular land areas.
The Universidad de las Regiones Autónomas de la Costa Caribe Nicaragüense (URACCAN) has a campus in Puerto Cabezas as well as in several other locations in RAAN and RAAS.Puerto cabezas is served by Puerto Cabezas Airport
The culture, like the rest of Nicaragua's Caribbean coast, has a very prominent Caribbean influence.
Travel from Managua to Puerto Cabezas (Bilwi)
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms (BM 17) until Boaco, continue on (BM 17) the same road 110 kms thru Muy Muy and Matiguas until you reach Rio Blanco. Continue on the same road that converts to RS 17 thru Wasayama, Mulukukum, Kuikuina, until reaching Siuna. From Siuna turn right (East) on NIC 21 for 60 kms towards Rosita-Bilwi. From Rosita, turn right always on NIC 21 towards Puerto Cabezas (Bilwi) until reaching Puerto Cabezas.
Distance from Managua to Bilwi is 635 kms and it takes 10 to 12 hours by four Wheel drive vehicle due to rivers and mud roads and 12 to 18 hours by bus. We recommend flying from Managua, the flight takes one hour.
Travel from Managua to Waspán, RAAN
From Bilwi drive North 100 kms on NIC 22 towards North until Waspan. We recommend flying from Managua to Waspan. The distance from Managua to Waspan is 625 kms.
Travel from Managua to Siuna, RAAN
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms (BM 17) until Boaco, continue on (BM 17) the same road 110 kms thru Muy Muy and Matiguas until you reach Rio Blanco. Continue on the same road that converts to RS 17 thru Wasayama, Mulukukum, Kuikuina, until reaching Siuna.
Distance from Managua to Siuna is 337 kilometers and it takes 6 hours by 4 wheel drive vehicle (4x4) due to rivers and mud roads. May take 8 to 12 hours by bus. We recommend flying from Managua, the flight takes one hour.
Travel from Managua to Rosita (RAAN)
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms (BM 17) until Boaco, continue on (BM 17) the same road 110 kms thru Muy Muy and Matiguas until you reach Rio Blanco. Continue on the same road that converts to RS 17 thru Wasayama, Mulukukum, Kuikuina, until reaching Siuna. From Siuna turn right (East) on NIC 21 for 60 kms until arriving at Rosita.
Distance from Managua to Siuna is 386 kilometers and it takes 8 hours by 4 wheel drive vehicle (4x4) due to rivers and mud roads. May take 12 to 14 hours by bus. We recommend flying from Managua, the flight takes one hour.
Travel from Managua to Bonanza (RAAN)
Drive on the North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Sébaco until San Benito intersection (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) 45 kilometers until you reach the Boaco intersection, turn left 18 kms (BM 17) until Boaco, continue on (BM 17) the same road 110 kms thru Muy Muy and Matiguas until you reach Rio Blanco. Continue on the same road that converts to RS 17 thru Wasayama, Mulukukum, Kuikuina, until reaching Siuna. From Siuna turn right (East) on NIC 21 for 60 kms until arriving at Rosita. Turn left (East) for 30 kilometers until Bonanza.
Distance from Managua to Siuna is 414 kilometers and it takes 8 hours by 4 wheel drive vehicle (4x4) due to rivers and mud roads. May take 12 to 14 hours by bus. We recommend flying from Managua, the flight takes one hour.
RAAS, El Rama
El Rama's population consists of approximately 50,000 individuals. These are mainly farm workers, peasants and inhabitants that were left behind after the war. The town's location between the South Atlantic and the Nicaraguan capital of Managua would make one think that El Rama is a highly populated area - especially when one also takes into account its proximity to the Escondido, Siquai and Rama Rivers. But as many locals will be able to tell you, El Rama is the end of the road - literally. After reaching El Rama, you will only be able to continue your journey on horseback, by boat or on your own two feet. The land is also hard to work with due to its high rainfall and extremely humid weather conditions. Many farmers grow rice, corn and sometimes beans, but the rains often wash away the soil, fertilizer and plants all in one downpour. It is a very interesting village to visit if you are interested in the cultural history of the Miskitos and Sumos and the Spanish that have basically divided the village in two. Accommodation in the village is not exactly five-star as not all the houses in El Rama are connected to the electricity grid and those that are suffer blackouts every now and then. Running water is available for a few hours a day, but rainwater is usually collected and used in the homes. Bathrooms often have buckets for toilets and diseases are a health concern. Passing through or spending the day in El Rama is an interesting and educational opportunity and many voluntary organizations and funded groups are working on establishing a healthy and safe environment for El Rama residents.
This small town is located in the Southern Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAS) of Nicaragua and 6 hours away from the city capital of Managua. The scenic drive from the flat lands of Pacific area of the country to El Rama is very charming, mainly traveling through rolling hills and passing by cattle ranches. Actually the traveler will have the chance to journey through Nicaragua’s three distinctive geographic regions Pacific, Central and Caribbean to reach this destination.
“El Rama” and its surroundings rural communities are mostly dedicated to agriculture and cattle activities such as production of milk, cheese and meat (dairy and cattle industry is the second largest income-earner of Nicaragua). It also has a very active commerce with many grocery store and clothing shop around the town. El Rama is also situated by Rio Escondido or “hidden river” (because it used to be a secret place for the English pirates to hide), one of the most important waterways of Nicaragua; where “pangas” (engine boats without roof) departure to reach the bustling town of Bluefields.
Since 2008 it is possible to reach by land the rich ethnic area of Laguna de Perlas from El Rama, making the area more accessible and improving the local economy. This new road allows the visitors to enjoy the lush of the region due to its longer rainy season. Average temperature is 30 degrees Celsius.
Travel from Managua to El Rama
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive towards El Rama for 250 kms. Drive thru the cities of: intersection Boaco, San Francisco, San Lorenzo, Juigalpa, Lovago. Once you reach Acoyapa-El Rama intersection, turn left (East) towards El Rama on NIC 7, drive thru Santo Tomas, La Gateada, El Muelle de los Bueyes until reaching the port of El Rama.
Distance from Managua to El Rama is 292 kms and it takes 5:00 hours by car and 6 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to Nueva Guinea, RAAS
Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive 100 kms towards El Rama for 250 kms. Drive thru the cities of: intersection Boaco, San Francisco, San Lorenzo, Juigalpa, Lovago. Once you reach Acoyapa-El Rama intersection, turn left (East) towards El Rama on NIC 7, drive thru Santo Tomas, until La Gateada, there turn right (South) on NIC 71 towards Nueva Guinea. Drive thru El Coral, El Santo, Paseo de Lajas, El Corocito until Nueva Guinea.
Distance from Managua to Nueva Guinea is 282 kms and it takes 4 hours by car and 6 hours by bus.
Bluefields (or Blewfields) is the capital of the municipality of the same name, and of Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (R.A.A.S.) in Nicaragua. It was also capital of the former Zelaya Department, which was divided into North and South Atlantic Autonomous Regions. It is located on Bluefields Bay at the mouth of the Escondido River. Bluefields was named after the Dutch pirate Abraham Blauvelt who hid in the bay's waters in the early 17th century. Bluefields means "blue fields" and that word, which is the English translation of the name of the pirate, is composed of two parts: Blau (blue) and Velt (open field where they grow herbs). It has a population of 87,000 (2005) and its inhabitants are mostly Mestizo, Miskito, whites, blacks, along with smaller communities of Garifuna, Chinese, Sumu, and Ramas. Bluefields is Nicaragua's chief Caribbean port, whence hardwood, seafood, shrimp and lobster are exported. Bluefields was a rendezvous for English and Dutch buccaneers in the 16th and 17th century and became capital of the English protectorate over the Mosquito Coast in 1678. During United States interventions (1912–15, 1926–33) in Nicaragua, Marines were stationed there. In 1984, the United States mined the harbor (along with those of Corinto and Puerto Sandino). Bluefields was destroyed by Hurricane Joan in 1988 but was rebuilt.
Until recently, there was no road access to Bluefields from the west coast of Nicaragua. There is now a dirt road from El Rama, but no bus service. Inquire locally before attempting to drive this road, as it may not be open year-round. Visitors usually either fly in from Managua and other cities, or take a Panga (boat) down the Rio Escondido from the city of El Rama.
The city is located beside the eponymous bay; consisting of 17 neighborhoods including the port of El Bluff, located on a peninsula of the same name. Due to gradual erosion, the peninsula is becoming a true island that closes the Bay of Bluefields on the east side. El Bluff has an extension of 1.29 km² and it is about 8 km from Bluefields.
Sites to See
Although the city is relatively small - as you can reach most of the important points and other neighborhoods on foot - in Bluefields there are several attractive sites. Almost at the entrance of the city is the General Moravian Church, built in 1849 but is actually a replica of the original, it was destroyed by Hurricane Jeanne in 1988. The building's white walls and high ceilings, dark red, stands out in the city.
On the other hand, the Catholic Church also has an interesting architectural design. In the facade you can see the image of the Virgin Mary, and their ceilings are high and airy. Within it are multiple images of the religion themselves, surrounded by colorful stained glass and a large garden.
Another point that you can visit the Kings Park. Bluefields is the only city in the entire South Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAS), which has a central park of more than 60 years. This is right in front of City Hall and it usually develop exhibitions and other events of relevance. The site features a gazebo, playground and several tall trees in whose shade they relax locals and tourists.
For those interested in learning about Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast, it is advisable to visit the Center for Research and Documentation of the Atlantic Coast (BICU-CIDCA). It can refer to 1, 100 texts for History, Culture, Marine Biology, Ecology, Demography, among other issues, specifically related to the Atlantic Coast. The center, in conjunction with the Bluefields Indian & Caribbean University (BICU), published quarterly magazine Wani, where cultural issues are published, studies and interviews, as well as achievements, goals and concerns of the coastal population.
Furthermore, within the precincts of CIDCA is the Historical Museum of the Atlantic Coast. It kept photos of major figures in the region, artwork and books. The museum is open from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm. The entry cost is not established, but it can provide a financial contribution to the maintenance of the site.
Holiday: May or May Pole Pole
Maypole (the English "May Pole") is the most famous and attractive holiday of Bluefields. This cultural event is derived from the British tradition of celebrating the arrival of spring on the first day of May, a month when the rainy season starts in Nicaragua.
It is said that this tradition arrived in about 1850 due to the direct or indirect influence of the English. Directly by the presence of settlers in the area and indirectly by the close relationship that the Kingdom of the Mosquito established in Jamaica, England's largest colonies in the Caribbean.
In the beginning, the blufileños cut a tree known as "Palo de Mayo" and decorate it with fruits and ribbons of red, yellow, blue and green. This was placed in a square, either in the Old Bank district or Cotton Tree, and a group of women danced around him. Subsequently allowed the participation of men, who were mostly musicians.
Over time, the original British tradition was added musical rhythms of African heritage, lyrical and forceful movements testimonial denoting very sensual.Following this, we created two versions of the Palo de Mayo, one that kept the classic style of the first lessons British and the other, reflecting the new pace.
Today, the Maypole dances and their music has spread throughout Nicaragua. The festival was first promoted as a tourist attraction during the 1980s and gained momentum with the passage of time. The dances are usually seen on the streets of Bluefields and the rest of the country belong to the second version.
El Palo de Mayo is celebrated in Bluefields during the month, with dances in each of the neighborhoods of the city. The most important days are the last of May, since it takes a culinary competition, a massive and colorful parade of parades, dance competitions and the crowning of the queen of the festivities. The festivities culminate on May 31 provided in the evening, when thousands of people take to the streets in a massive parade called "Tulululu", in which blufileños dance to drums and trumpets along the main streets Bluefields.
- September 30: Feast of Saint Jerome
- October 8: Day of festivities in honor of the Virgen del Rosario
- October 28: Autonomy celebrations
- 9, 10 and November 11: days of the Garifuna ethnic group
- October 11: Anniversary of the nomination of Bluefields as a city.
Travel from Managua to Bluefields
The best way to go to Bluefields is by plane on a one hour flight. The other option is to drive to El Rama (See instructions) by car (5 hours) and continue From El Rama on the new road NIC 7 for 74 kms until Bluefields.
Distance from Managua to Bluefields by land is 365 kilometers and it will take 6:30 hours by car.
Travel from Bluefields to Laguna de Perlas, RAAS
From Bluefields take a boat (panga) to Laguna de Perlas.
Travel from Managua to Corn Island, RAAS
Take a plane from Managua international airport, the flight makes a stopover in Bluefields and later continues to Corn Island. The flight takes 2 hours including stops.
Travel from Managua to Little Corn Island, RAAS
Fly from Managua to Corn Island and take a boat on the Caribbean Ocean to Little Corn Island. Ensure that you pick a time that the waves are not strong as these are small boats, and don’t forget your Dramamine.
Rio San Juan, San Miguelito
This mountainous municipality has several rivers with nice waterfalls in its territory. However, the main attraction here are the shores on Lake Nicaragua, where visitors will find sandy beaches and wetland zones, and enjoy the beautiful sunsets. The center of San Miguelito is the town of the same name, where there are some lodging options. The traditional festivities are in honor of San Miguel de Arcangel from March 8th to 14th.
Travel from Managua to San Miguelito, Rio San Juan
LAND OPTION1: Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive 100 kms towards El Rama. You will drive thru Boaco Intersection, San Francisco, San Lorenzo and Juigalpa. Once you reach Lóvago (Intersection Acoyapa) turn right (NIC 25) o South towards San Carlos, you will drive thru Acoyapa, Las Animas, Paso de Las Yeguas, Cerritos until San Miguelito Intersection, turn right (West) to San Miguelito.
WATER OPTION 2: Take the ferry from Granada to San Carlos, Rio San Juan. It makes a stopover in San Miguelito. Ferry travels twice per week. Consult with the ferry for latest schedule.
The distance from Managua to San Miguelito is 255 kms and it takes 4 hours by car and 6 hours by bus.
Rio San Juan, San Carlos
San Carlos is the capital city of the municipality of San Carlos and of the Río San Juan Department of Nicaragua. The city proper has a population of roughly 12,174, while the city and surrounding communities (Comarcas) contain 37,461 as of 2005. San Carlos is positioned on the confluence of Lake Nicaragua and the San Juan River. The Solentiname Islands in Lake Nicaragua are part of the Municipality of San Carlos.
Jungle, lake, river, art and history. This municipality has various attractions. Its center is the city of San Carlos, in which the visitor will find multiple tourist companies and places to visit. The Solentiname Archipelago is located on the lake, and its islands are inhabited by nature and small communities of artisans and painters. The Los Guatuzos Natural Reserve, situated nearby, is home to a great diversity of plants, animals and insects.
Situated on the shores where Lake Nicaragua meets with the San Juan River, stands a small town called San Carlos. This lovely town of the Rio San Juan Department also has jurisdiction over the Solentiname Islands within its bordering lake. San Carlos in Nicaragua is ideally located to serve as a port and it also served as a fort in the past. Although small, tourists in Nicaragua will not want to miss out on this fantastic town filled with history and interesting people.
Located just behind the central park of San Carlos is the town's top attraction, the fort. Proudly dominating the skyline of San Carlos, the fort draws many tourists to its intriguing structure. The San Carlos Fort was originally built by the Spanish so as to guard their very important trade route. It later became the site of a prison whilst the country was under the control of the Somoza family. Next it was used as a police station. Today, it houses the fine José Coronel Urtecho Cutural Center. Inside you can find out all about the San Juan River, including details about the plant life, animals, history and more. Also located in this historical structure is the local municipal library. Books in the library cover a variety of topics that appeal both to local residents and to tourists who are visiting. Another section of the old San Carlos Fort is used for hosting events. As the fort stands out above the rest of the city, it affords visitors many stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
Although the fort of San Carlos is a major feature for the town, there are many other attractions in the town. Walking or cycling through the town is amazing and your eyes will be darting from one place to another as you try to take it all in. The new hot spot is the Malecón, were you can also enjoy some delicious fresh fish for lunch. The port is home to a fine market where you can purchase numerous fresh goods. For more details on what is on offer in San Carlos, visit the tourism office at the dock.
As already mentioned, Nicaragua's San Carlos is relatively small, with some 7,000 people living in the city itself and about 35,000 people residing in the suburbs and nearby. San Carlos is a fine holiday destination, a great place to get acquainted with Nicaragua and a beautiful place to relax.
The municipality is divided politically in comarcas: San Isidro, San Carlos, Santa Isabel, Lauren Galán, Cruz Verde, México, Mata de Caña, La Azucena, Palo de Arquito Arriba nº1, Palo de Arquito Arriba n°2, Los Chiles, La Trinidad, Esperanza nº1, La Culebra, La Argentina, Caño Luis, Morrillo, Archipiélago de Solentiname, Las Maravillas, Papaturro, Valle de Guadalupe, Nueva Armenia, La Trinidad, Las Minas, Isla Medio Queso, El Consuelo, La Unión, San José, La Venada, Río Frío, El Corozal, Guapinol, Santo Domingo, San José Morrillo, Ojo de Agua, Espavel, Costa Sur, Camibar, Jumusa, Papaturito, Pueblo Nuevo nº1, Pueblo Nuevo nº2, El Plomo, Flor de Mayo, El Cairo, Guacalito, La Argentina, San Vicente, Nueva Jerusalén, El Consuelo nº1, El Consuelo nº2, Loma Quemada, Laurel nº2, Quinta Lidia, Intersection Cruz Verde, Danubio, Monte Piedad, El Papayo, El Pavón nº1, El Pavón nº2, Las Palmeras, Las Venturas, San Agustín, La Bodega, Poza Redonda nº1, Poza Redonda nº2, San Ramón, San Antonio, San Pablo, Nueva Armenia, El Fajardo, Melchorrita
SolentinameThe Solentiname Archipelago es located to the West, inside the lake, and is constituted by 36 islands of different sizes. This place is inhabited by abundant wildlife and a hard working community of fishermen and farmers who are famous - since 1960 - for their artistic and creative activities: primitive paintings and beautiful crafts. All their work has been promoted by the Nicaraguan poet and priest Ernesto Cardenal, who arrived in the place in order to preach his faith.
In decreasing order, the Mancarrón Island, La Venada and San Fernando are the largest and most populated of the archipelago. The other islands are quite small and most of them are currently uninhabited. Out of all, the most interesting ones are 'La Pajarera' island, which tourists can see hundreds of species of local and migratory birds, and the island of Mancarroncito, which has a large natural reserve.
Mancarrón Island features a hotel and several small shelters. Tourists can visit the small community of artisans, who can be seen at home carving or painting their creative pieces, which are also available for sale. There is a community living on atop of a hill village where one can find stones that where carved with Indian petroglyphs. Towards the East end of the island visitors can go to a large wetland. The 'peñón' can be found in the center of the island. This is the highest point of the land and offers an excellent view of the lake and the archipelago, but getting there requires a walk of nearly three hours. Also, the small, rustic and pretty church that was built by Ernesto Cardenal is located near this main dock of Mancarrón. There is a museum displaying pre-Columbian objects found in the archipelago at Mancarron as well.
The neighboring island of San Fernando also features a small museum and a Cultural House in which primitive painting are sold. Art pieces from painters of La Venada are also sold here as well, since the majority of artists are located in these two islands. Although the pieces are very similar, the style each of them use is quite different in each island. San Fernando has comfortable hotels and a rustic shelter.
The Solentiname archipelago is located a few kilometers from the city of San Carlos. To get there, you can take public boats at affordable prices, however, the trio will take you about two hours. A private boat means more money, but the trip takes just 45 minutes.
Not far from the birthplace of the San Juan River, there are two natural reserves that preserve and protect the flora and fauna of the region. One of them is Los Guatuzos, located on the South shore of the lake, and the other one is Esperanza Verde, located on the banks of the San Juan River.
Los Guatuzos Wildlife Refuge owes its name to the indigenous community who inhabit the area for several generations. This reserve, located 45 kilometers from San Carlos, lies on the banks of the Papaturro River, which starts on the lake. The site features a natural center, a community shelter and many environmental activities offered by a communitarian company, supported by a national foundation. In the refuge, one can observe the magnificent wild biodiversity and visit a butterfly, a turtle and a alligator shelter. There are trails within the territory, either for walks or navigation, and another one made of a large suspension bridge.
When heading West, one will fin the Esperanza Verde Natural Reserve, which lies between the San Juan and the Río Frío rivers. It is located just 2 kilometers from San Carlos (15 minutes by the Frio River), and features trails, a lodge and restaurant. On this site visitors can see see hundreds of species of birds and an interesting wildlife, such as nutrias or 'water dogs'. Although the name and the administration is different, this territory is also part of Los Guatuzos.
Greytown, Rio San Juan
San Juan del Sur serves as the nearest town to the abandoned settlement of Greytown. A true ruin, Greytown is the remnants of a once thriving port town, now completely surrounded by jungle. Besides the remnants of the town itself, the ruins include that of a steamship that sank in the lagoon.
Travel from Managua to San Carlos
LAND OPTION1: Drive on North Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) until San Benito (48 kms), turn right (NIC 7) and drive 100 kms towards El Rama. You will drive thru Boaco Intersection, San Francisco, San Lorenzo and Juigalpa. Once you reach Lóvago (Intersection Acoyapa) turn right (NIC 25) o South towards San Carlos, you will drive thru Acoyapa, Las Animas, Paso de Las Yeguas, Cerritos, San Miguelito Intersection, until you arrive at San Carlos.
WATER OPTION 2: Take the ferry from Granada to San Carlos, Rio San Juan. It makes a stopover in Ometepe and San Miguelito. Ferry travels twice per week. Consult with the ferry for latest schedule.
The distance from Managua to San Carlos, Rio San Juan is 295 kms and it takes 5 hours by car and 7 hours by bus. We recommend flying from Managua, the flight takes one hour.
Rivas is a city and municipality in southwestern Nicaragua on the Isthmus of the same name. The city proper is the capital of the Department of Rivas and administrative center for the surrounding municipality of the same name. Most travellers experience RIVAS as a dusty bus stop on the way to or from Costa Rica, San Juan del Sur or Ometepe, unaware of the important role the unprepossessing town has played in Nicaraguan history. Founded in 1736, it became an important stop on the route of Cornelius Vanderbilt's Accessory Transit Company, which ferried goods and passengers between the Caribbean and the Pacific via Lago de Nicaragua – the town's heyday came during the California Gold Rush, when its languid streets were full of prospectors travelling with the Transit Company on their way to the goldfields of the western US. Modern-day Rivas isn't anything special, but it's actually not such a bad place to get stuck for a day.
The village of San Juan del Sur, on the Pacific coast of the Isthmus has become a popular tourist destination in the last decade, and already receives cruise ships. San Juan del Sur is the center of surf exploration in coastal Rivas. The Department of Rivas also includes Ometepe Island in Lake Nicaragua.
The coastal areas of Rivas have been seeing increasing development and tourism revenue due to the surge of surfing and eco-tourism in the area. Large developments like Rancho Santana have expats and entrepreneurs excited. The many surf camps and smaller resorts attract a variety of travelers world-wide. This surge can be attributed to the many articles that have been published in recent years in surfing magazines and lifestyle magazines like GQ, and the fact that Costa Rica's once untamed coasts have been developed to the point of exhaustion. The beachside town of Gigante is a great example of this rapid development, where a once quaint fishing village prepares to host large marina in its picturesque bay.
It is located between the Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean, and was an important portage between the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans before the construction of the Panama Railway.
The city has about 28,000 inhabitants.
- The main beaches of the Department of Rivas are: Las Salinas
- Rancho Santana
- Playa Escondida
- Playa los Perros
- El Gigante
- Los Playones
- San Juan del Sur
- El Remanzo
- El Yankee
- El Coco
- La Flor
Travel from Managua to Rivas
Drive from Managua on South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Costa Rica, through El Crucero, Diriamba, Dolores, Jinotepe, Granada Intersection, Nandaime, Belén, until you arrive in Rivas on km 111.
Distance from Managua to Rivas is 111 kilometers and it takes 1:30 hours by car and 2:30 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to San Juan del Sur
Travel to Rivas (See instructions) continue on South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) thru km 122 Empalme La Virgen, turn West (right) towards San Juan del Sur on NIC 16, drive 22 kilometers until the port town of San Juan del Sur.
Distance from Managua to San Juan del Sur is 141 kms and takes 2:30 hours by car and four hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to San Jorge, Rivas
Travel to Rivas (See instructions) turn left (East) for 5 kilometers until reaching Lake Cocibolca and San Jorge.
Travel from Managua to Nandaime, Granada
Turn South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) towards Rivas, on kilometer 67 you will find Nandaime.
Travel from Managua to Peñas Blancas, bordertown with Costa Rica
Travel to Rivas (See instructions) continue on South Pan-American Highway (NIC 1) thru La Virgen, San Juan del Sur intersection, Sapoa until reaching Peñas Blancas bordertown with Costa Rica
Distance from Managua to Peñas Blancas is 147 kms and takes 2:15 hours by car and 3:30 hours by bus.
Travel from Managua to different cities in Costa Rica
Drive from Managua to Peñas Blancas (See instructions), the border process will take 5 minutes on the Nicaraguan side and 30 minutes on the Costa Rica side. Continue from Peñas Blancas southbound on Pan-American Highway through the different destinations of Costa Rica:
· The distance from Peñas Blancas to Liberia is 80 kms and takes one hour, drive carefully since there are roadblocks requesting immigration documents, and many travelers complain of speed traps where they are charged with huge fines and the license tag is removed to force them to pay in Liberia or settle the issue with the police officers right there and then.
· From Liberia you can visit the beaches of Guanacaste, such as Playa El Coco, Playa Conchal, Playa Flamingo, Playa Hermosa, Playa Jobo, Playa Nacascolo, Playa Ostional, Playa Papagayo and Playa Tamarindo.
· The distance from Peñas Blancas to San Jose, Costa Rica is 290 kms and takes 5:00 hours. There are many curves and heavy traffic as you approach San Jose. If you arrive during peak hour in San Jose, it will take one more hour of driving due to traffic.
· The distance from Peñas Blancas to Paso Canoas, border with Panama, is 525 kms and takes 7 to 8 hours. Travel southbound on Pan-American Highway 200 kms, turn right on Route 23 for 12 kms, then Route 27 for 16 kms, this connects with Route 34 for 204 kms until merging into Pan-American Highway Route 2 for 93 kms.
Nicaragua-Costa Rica Distance Table
For full information on Costa Rican beaches, see our page.
The distance from Managua or Pochomil to the multiple cities of Costa Rica, including certain beaches is as follows:
This table does not include delays in border crossing, allow 5-10 minutes on the Nicaragua side at Peñas Blancas and 30-45 minutes on the Costa Rica side. Beware that Costa Rica does not allow its rental cars to drive cross border, you must travel to the border and rent a car on the Nicaraguan side, the only car rental in Nicaraguan border is Budget Rent a Car.
You may rent a car in Nicaragua and drive to Costa Rica, but you must notify the car rental company to process the documents 2-5 days prior to your trip.
Any travel through San Jose delays the trip by 1 to 2 hours due to heavy traffic at all times.
Nicaragua Highway List
Below you will find the main roads and highways of Nicaragua that have been labeled with a number, those with a NIC prefix are national roads (not necessarily highways), the roads with other prefix are department roads and its letters mean the first letter of the origin and final city (i.e. Jinotega-Matagalpa road is JM). They are NIC1, NIC2, NIC3, NIC4, NIC5, NIC7, NIC8, NIC10, NIC11, NIC12, NIC14, NIC15, NIC16, NIC18, NIC21, NIC24, NIC25, NIC26, NIC29, NIC38, NIC40, NIC50, NIC52, NIC53, NIC62, NIC71, BM7, BR0, BW2, JM5, RS7.The nomenclature of the Nicaraguan roads is as follows:
Highway - Origin and Destination
NIC 1- Desde El Espino Hasta Peñas Blancas
NIC 2- Desde Km 0 Managua Hasta Km 13 Carr. Sur
NIC 3- Desde Matagalpa Hasta Sébaco
NIC 4- Desde Managua Hasta Nandaime
NIC 5- Desde San Jose de Bocay Hasta Matagalpa
NIC 7- Desde Tipitapa Hasta Bluefields (Nueva sección El Rama-Bluefields)
NIC 8- Desde El Crucero Hasta Pochomil
NIC 10- Desde NIC 12 Santa Rita km 30 Hasta Emp. Pochomil-San Rafael del Sur
NIC 11- Desde Tipitapa Hasta Masaya
NIC 12- Desde NIC 1 Km 9 Carr. Sur Hasta Chinandega
NIC 14- Desde Leon Hasta Poneloya
NIC 15- Desde Las Manos Hasta Somoto
NIC 16- Desde NIC 1 Km 126 Carr. Sur Hasta San Juan del Sur
NIC 18- Desde San Marcos Hasta Cuatro Esquinas
NIC 21- Desde BW 22 Emp. Waspan-Bilwi Hasta NIC 5 San Jose de Bocay
NIC 24- Desde Guasaule Hasta Chinandega
NIC 25- Desde Lovago Hasta San Carlos
NIC 26- Desde NIC 1 Km 110 Sébaco-Esteli Hasta Managua
NIC 29- Desde Jalapa Hasta Ocotal
NIC 38- Desde El Sauce Hasta Dos Montes
NIC 40- Desde NIC 12 Carr. León Viejo Hasta El Tránsito
NIC 50- Desde Volcán Cosigüina Hasta Chinandega
NIC 52- Desde NIC 12 Carr. León Viejo Hasta Puerto Sandino
NIC 53- Desde Ocotal Hasta Ococona
NIC 62- Desde Rivas Hasta El Astillero
NIC 71- Desde La Gateada Hasta Nueva Guinea
BM 17- Desde Boaco Hasta Rio Blanco
BR 20- Desde Rama Hasta Bluefields
BW 22- Desde Waspan Hasta Bilwi
JM 15- Desde Jinotega Hasta Matagalpa
RS 17- Desde Rio Blanco Hasta Siuna
Some roads have local names, for instance:
- NIC 1 is officially Pan-American Highway CA1, but it is known as "Carretera Norte" from Managua northbound to El Espino via Somoto, Sebaco and Estelí. And is called "Carretera Sur" from Managua southbound to Peñas Blancas passing through El Crucero, Diriamba, Jinotepe, Nandaime and Rivas.
- NIC 4 is known as "Carretera a Masaya" o "Carretera a Granada".
- NIC 7 is known as "Carretera a Bluefields"
- NIC 12 is known as "Carretera Vieja a León"
- NIC 26 in its first segment from Managua to Izapa via Nagarote and La Paz Centro is known as "Carretera Nueva León" and the second tranche from Leon to Sebaco is known as "Carretera Telica"
Generally Nicaraguans do not call the roads by number, but by its origin or destination, for instance NIC 3 is called "Carretera a Matagalpa". NIC 29 is called "Carretera Jalapa".
There are two roads considered as Central American routes that use the nomenclature CA1 and CA3. CA1 is the same as NIC 1, also called Pan-American Highway, which starts in Canada, through US1 and ends in South America. CA3 connects Guasaule-Somotillo-Chinandega-Leon-Izapa-Carretera Leon Viejo-Managua and uses both NIC 12 and NIC 24. The terms CA1 and CA3 are not used in these instructions to avoid any confusion.
This is not the complete list of roads, only the roads with numerical nomenclature. To determine the best way to travel from one city to another, check each department in this web page and you will get detailed instructions.
City Distance Table
This table shows the distance from Managua to major cities of Nicaragua in both kilometers and time by car or public transportation.
You can also select a table:
Note: Private transportation driving time assumes leaving downtown Managua with moderate traffic and not at rush hour, driving 80 kms per hour. Public transportation are buses express with minimal stops, waiting time at the bus terminal is not considered. Neither option considers inclement weather, accidents, significant traffic or distance from any point in Managua to the exit highway. Driving time may vary based on driver´s speed and ability to pass slow moving vehicles on the road.
Distance Cross Table
Select the city you are traveling from and to, the cross section will provide you with their distance. If your city is not on this table, find the nearest city and then add the distance based on out description of small and medium cities above.
You can also select a table: